Hướng dẫn giải sách bài tập tiếng Anh 12 unit 14 phần Reading. Reading – Unit 14 trang 102 Sách bài tập (SBT) Tiếng Anh 12 – Unit 14. International Organizations – Các tổ chức quốc tế
Read the passage and do the exercises that follow.
[ Đọc bài và làm bài tập bên dưới]
Amnesty International is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for human rights. Their work is based on careful research and on the standards agreed by the international community. They are independent of any government, political ideology, economic interest or religion.
Amnesty International was started in 1961. Its main goal is to help people who are put in prison only because of their race, their religion, or their beliefs. For over four decades, Amnesty International has grown into the largest world organization for human rights with a global membership of more than one million people all over the world. The main Amnesty International office is in London where people gather information about prisoners in over 100 countries. They send this information to Amnesty groups in countries with different political systems. The members start writing letters and send them to the governments that hold prisoners. Each letter asks very politely that the prisoners be freed. The governments know that the prisoners are not forgotten. The world cares about them.
Amnesty International works in other ways, too. It helps the families of prisoners. It writes reports on governments and prisons. These reports are printed in newspapers. Sometimes the organization sends a famous lawyer to attend a trial or to talk with important people in the governments. Members of Amnesty International know this is a way to take direct action to help other human beings.
So far, more than 40 thousand prisoners have been freed because of the work of Amnesty International. Thousands of others have received better food, visits from their families, or medical care. In 1977, Amnesty International received the Nobel Peace Prize. It won the prize because thousands of ordinary people care enough about human rights to write letters. The Amnesty International candle, a sign of light and hope, shines all over the world.
Exercise 1. Choose the best word to complete each of the following sentences
[ Chọn từ phù hợp nhất để hoàn thành mỗi câu sau]
independent take action
beliefs so far a sign of
1. Jane went out alone by herself. She’s very .
2. People from different religions have different and often follow different rules of living.
3. Dark clouds and strong wind at the same time can be heavy rain.
4. The government should to stop the trade.
5. John has built three houses .
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. independent 2. beliefs 3. a sign of
4. take action 5. so far
Exercise 2. Circle the best answer A, B, C, or D.
[ Khoanh tròn đáp án đúng nhất A, B, C hoặc D]
1. Amnesty International is .
A. a government organization
B. based on the political ideology of a country
C. an international organization which supports people for their human rights
D. dependent on the economic interest of a country
2. Members of Amnesty International come from .
A. countries all over the world
B. countries that have religion problems
C. the main Amnesty International office
D. countries with different political systems
3. The members who write the letters for Amnesty International get information about the prisoners from .
A. the governments that hold prisoners
B. famous lawyers
C. the prisons that hold the prisoners
D. the main Amnesty International office
4. Amnesty International won the Nobel Peace Prize because .
A. thousands of prisoners have been freed
B. thousands of ordinary people care about human rights to write letters
C. thousands of prisoners have received better food or visits from their families
D. thousands of prisoners have received better medical care
5. It is NOT true about Amnesty International that .
A. their members write letters and send them to the governments that hold prisoners
B. Amnesty International won the Nobel Prize in 1979
C. Amnesty International is the largest world organization for human rights
D. thousands of prisoners have been freed with the help of Amnesty International
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. C 2. A 3. D 4. B 5. B