Hướng dẫn giải sách bài tập tiếng Anh 12 unit 16 phần Reading. Reading – Unit 16 trang 115 Sách bài tập (SBT) Tiếng Anh 12 – Unit 16. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations – Hiệp hội các nước Đông Nam Á
Part 1. Read the passage and decide whether the statements are true (T) or false (F).
[ Đọc bài và quyết định những câu sau là đúng hay sai]
As the 21st century dawns, ASEAN is embracing a new vision of itself as “a concert of Southeast Asian nations, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies”.
The ASEAN region stretches across three time zones and incorporates a key part of Asia’s continental landmass and several archipelagos. Economically, it belongs to the developing world, but some of its member countries have joined the world’s top 20 most competitive economies. Its population of about 600 million constitutes a huge, increasingly middle-class market, half the size of China’s. One of every ten persons in the world today is a Southeast Asian. Besides its economic importance and the natural resources, its marine territories are believed to hold. Southeast Asia is also of global strategic importance. It is the bridge between the Indian and Pacific Oceans. It has some of the busiest sea-lanes in the world. The oil tankers and freighters that pass daily through these sea-lanes strengthen Japan’s status as an industrial power.
1. ‘Living in peace, stability and prosperity’ is part of ASEAN’s new □ □
2. All the ASEAN nations belong to the developing world. □ □
3′ China’s market is as large as ASEAN’s. □ □
4. ASEAN’s population makes up 10% of the world population. □ □
5. The ASEAN region is very rich in natural resources, sea products □ □
6. Every day there are big passenger ships and freighters passing □ □
through the sea-lanes.
7. Japan is considered as an industrial country. □ □
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. T 2. F 3. F 4. T
5. F 6. F 7. T
Part 2. Read the passage and circle the best answer A, B, C, or D.
[ Đọc bài và chọn đáp án đúng nhất A, B, C hoặc D]
Singapore was one of the five original member countries that founded ASEAN in 1967. Since its independence in 1965, Singapore has become one of the world’s most prosperous countries, with per capita GDP equalling that of the leading nations of Western Europe. Singapore is highly ranked for its economic competitiveness, and it was the world’s most competitive country from 1997 to 1999 as ranked by the World Economic Forum.
Singapore’s strategic location at the entrance to the Strait of Malacca has helped it to become one of the most important shipping centres in Asia. The Port of Singapore, the world’s busiest in terms of shipping tonnage, is a key component of Singapore’s prosperity and economic health. Singapore is a leader in manufacturing of computer components, petroleum refining, and business services.
Singapore has made an impressive recovery after the Asian financial crisis oi 1997-1998. The government is currently restructuring the economy by promoting higher-value-added activities in line with a “knowledge-based” economy, and by opening up protected sectors such as financial services to increase overal’. efficiency. Various bilateral free-trade agreements are also being negotiated to improve market access and encourage foreign investment inflows.
1. Since when has Singapore become one of the world’s most prosperous countries?
A. 1965 B. 1967 C. 1997 D. 1999
2. What does the word “it” in the first paragraph refer to?
A. ASEAN C. Singapore
B. GDP D. the World Economic Forum
3. What is the important component of Singapore’s prosperity and economic health?
A. Singapore’s strategic location C. Singapore’s shipping
B. the Strait of Malacca D. the Port of Singapore
4. In what areas is Singapore leading?
A. manufacturing of computer components
B. petroleum refining
C. business services
D. A, B, and C
5. What happened in the period of 1997-1998?
A. Singapore made an impressive recovery.
B. The Asian financial crisis took place.
C. The Singaporean government promoted higher-value-added activities.
D. The Singaporean government opened up financial services.
Hướng dẫn giải:
1. A 2. C 3. D 4. D 5. B